The effects of handling intensity at time of processing on physiological response, immune response, and vaccination status in beef cattle at the feedlot
Keywords:feeder calves, stress, cattle handling
Newly received feeder calves are often experience stress upon arrival at the feedlot due to weaning, commingling, transportation, marketing, nutrition, handling and others. Many of these factors are out of the control of the feedlot receiving the cattle, however cattle handling upon arrival and at processing is a controllable aspect. The objectives of this study was to determine the effects of cattle handling intensity at processing had an effect on stress markers in newly received feeder calves relating to the physiological, inflammatory and the immune response.