Salmonella Dublin diagnostics for the field veterinarian
Keywords:diagnostics, host-adapted, Salmonella Dublin
Salmonella Dublin is a zoonotic, multi-drug-resistant bacteria. It is host adapted in cattle, and carrier animals shed bacteria in feces and milk, acting as a reservoir for the herd. Salmonella Dublin causes septicemia in young calves, who present with a high fever, increased respiratory effort and acute death. Diagnosing Salmonella Dublin in an acutely infected calf requires aseptic collection of a blood culture sample, storage at room temperature or in an incubator, and overnight delivery to a veterinary diagnostic laboratory. Diagnosing Salmonella Dublin post-mortem requires submission of one or more of the following organs for aerobic culture: lung, kidney, lymph node, liver or spleen. These samples should be refrigerated or frozen and delivered overnight as well. Feces and gastrointestinal samples have low sensitivity for recovering Salmonella Dublin and are not recommended in clinical suspects. Surveillance or monitoring for Salmonella Dublin antibodies can be performed with the Salmonella Dublin ELISA. Appropriate samples include serum, individual milk samples and bulk tank milk samples. Seroconversion time and age of animal impact the sensitivity of the Salmonella Dublin ELISA.