Effects of a naturally occurring caffeine product delivered orally on rate of caffeine absorption and associated metabolic parameters in the bovine neonate
A significant amount of published research has been conducted in the field of human medicine investigating the therapeutic effects of administering caffeine to infants. Consequently, caffeine is very commonly used as a stimulant, particularly in the NICU. However, little work exists investigating the application of caffeine in bovine neonates, specifically those with low vigor. The study objectives were first to determine absorption rate and subsequent blood concentration of caffeine in calves administered a viscous oral product containing naturally occurring caffeine (Calf Perk®, TechMix LLC, Stewart, MN). The second objective was to determine if caffeine alters any associated effects on metabolic variables of the calf such as circulating glucose, insulin and NEFA concentrations.