Treatment and surgery for management of urolithiasis
Keywords:calculi, tube cystostomy, penectomy, perineal urethrostomy, struvite
Urolithiasis is a common condition in steers and bulls due to nutritional and anatomical factors. Prevention practices share common aspects as well as aspects specific to certain urolith types. In this presentation we will discuss the underlying factors and preventive measures for urolithiasis in cattle, as well as surgical management. Restraint, sedation, surgical approaches and postoperative considerations will be discussed for both salvage procedures as well as cattle with breeding potential.