Risk factors associated with septic arthritis of the distal interphalangeal joint in beef cattle
Keywords:Lameness, distal interphalangeal joint, infection, antibiotic, swelling, septic arthritis, beef cattle
Lameness is a condition associated with important economic losses in beef cattle operations. Infection of the distal interphalangeal joint (DIJ) usually results in severe lameness and is an animal welfare concern; however, diagnosis of digital infection in beef cattle in the field is difficult and challenging for veterinarians. Identification of risk factors associated with septic arthritis of the DIJ in beef cattle could lead to early treatment and improve prognosis for future productive life. The objective of this study was to determine if factors such as duration of lameness, number of antibiotic treatments, severity of lameness, and the presence of asymmetric swelling at the coronary band of the affected foot are associated with septic arthritis of the DIJ in beef cattle.