Probiotic therapy as an alternative to antibiotics in calves with moderate diarrhea
Keywords:Neonatal calf diarrhea, antibiotic therapy, probiotics, antibiotic-resistant bacteria
Neonatal calf diarrhea, which mainly affects animals before weaning, is easy to diagnose and is characterized by frequent passing of soft feces (less than 10% dry content). Long-term utilization of broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy is being followed in order to control these infections. The use of probiotics for diarrhea treatment may have value as an alternative therapy that prevents the use of antibiotics, thereby reducing the emergence and spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria and residual antibiotics in dairy foods, meat, and milk. We aimed to assess the utility of the probiotic products containing 3 probiotics (Enterococcusfaecalis T-110, Clostridium butyricum TO-A, and Bacillus mesentericus TO-A) in shortening the duration of diarrhea symptoms and normalizing the consistency of the feces. In addition, we assessed whether probiotics therapy could be an alternative to antibiotic therapy in calves with moderate diarrhea.