Determination of Enzyme Activity, Proteinuria and Creatininuria in Bovine Urine
Keywords:blood, blood chemistry, creatinine, enzymes, kidney diseases, normal values, postmortem examinations, proteinuria, urine
Blood samples were taken just before slaughter and urine urine samples were taken after slaughter from 67 healthy Italian Friesian cows aged 4-7 years. None of the cows had any clinical or haematological signs of kidney damage, but 46 had macroscopic or histological signs of kidney damage. The remaining 21 were used to calculate serum and urine reference values for urea, creatinine, proteins, N-acetyl-glucosaminidase, gamma-glutamyl transferase, lactate dehydrogenase, alpha-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase and alkaline phosphatase.